Understanding India (Value Added) 1st Semester Kashmir University Notes.
I. Bharatavarsha: concept and its evolution; Vedic, Epic and Puranic traditions and the making of Modern India.
II. State and Imperial formation: Rise of Janapadas, the Mauryas, the Kushanas, the Guptas, Pallava, Cholas and Vijaynagra Empire.
III. Origin and growth of major religious streams: Vedic, Jainism, Buddhism, Bhakti and Sufism, Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Religious philosophy of Sri Aurobindo.
IV. Development of literary traditions: Panini, Kalidasa, Veda Vyasa, Valmiki.
I. India’s struggle for freedom: 1857 as the First War of Independence.
II. Important heroes of Freedom struggle: Birsa Munda, Bhagat Singh, Chanderasheikher Azad, Subash Chandra Bose.
III. Formation of Indian National Congress and contribution of Mahatama Gandhi; Making of Indian constitution and its salient features.
IV. Re-emergence of Swadeshi Movement in India; Flagship Programmes: Jan Dhan Yojna; Skill India Mission; Make in India; Atam Nirbar Bharat.
I. India’s contribution to the world, Medical Scence: Charaka, Sushruta.
II. Mathematics and Astronomy: Aryabhata, Baudhyana, Brahmagupta, Ramanujam.
III. Physics: Kanad, P. C. Roy, Raman