JKSSB Notes PDF JKSSB Study Notes Science Biology PDF Download JKSSB


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JKSSB Notes PDF JKSSB Study Notes Science Biology PDF Download  JKSSB 

Plasma Membrane or Cell Membrane

• Cell membrane is also called the plasmamembrane.

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• It can be observed only through an electron microscope.

• Plasma membrane is the outermost covering of the cell that separates the contents of the cell from its external environment.



• The plasma membrane is flexible and is made up of organic molecules called lipids and proteins.

• The flexibility of the cell membrane also enables the cell to engulf in food and other material from its external environment. Such processes are known as endocytosis (endo → internal; cyto → of a cell). Amoeba acquires its food through such processes.



• Plasma membrane is a selectively permeable membrane [The plasma membrane is porous and allows the movement of substances or materials both inward andoutward].

• Some substances like carbon dioxide or oxygen can move across the cell membrane by a process called diffusion [spontaneous movement of a substance from a region of high concentration (hypertonic solution) to a region where its concentration is low (hypotonic solution)].

• Thus, diffusion plays an important role in gaseous exchange between the cells as well as the cell and its external environment.


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