Geography 6th sem previous year paper download pdf kashmir university


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The main objective of this online textbook is to introduce students to the exciting field of knowledge known as geo . Physical geography is a discipline that is part of a much larger area of understanding called  geo. Most individuals define geography as a field of study that deals with maps This definition is only partially correct. A better definition of geography may be the study of natural and human constructed phenomena relative to a spatial dimension.

The discipline of geography has a history that stretches over many centuries. Over this time period, the study of geography has evolved and developed into an important form of human scholarship. Examining the historical evolution of geography as a discipline provides some important insights concerning its character and methodology. These insights are also helpful in gaining a better understanding of the nature of physical geography

History of Geography and Physical Geography

Some of the first truly geographical studies occurred more than four thousand years ago. The main purpose of these early investigations was to map features and places observed as explorers traveled to new lands. At this time, Chinese, Egyptian, and Phoenician civilizations were beginning to explore the places and spaces within and outside their homelands. The earliest evidence of such explorations comes from the archaeological discovery of a Babylonian clay tablet map that dates back to 2300 BC.

The early Greeks were the first civilization to practice a form of geography that was more than mere map making o. Greek philosophers and scientist were also interested in learning about spatial nature of human and physical features found on the Earth. One of the first Greek geographers was (circa 484 – 425 BC). Herodotus wrote a number of volumes that described the human and physical geography of the various regions of the Persian Empire.

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