English literature 5Th Sem Free Pdf Download Kashmir University Notes JK Crown

The Glass Menagerie is known as a “ memory play” because it is based on the way the plays narrator, Tom, remembers
events. The story is a told to us by Tom Wingfield, a merchant marine looking back on the Depression years he spent
with his overbearing Southern genteel mother, Amanda, and his physically disabled, cripplingly shy sister, Laura. While
Amanda strives to give her children a life beyond the decrepit St. Louis tenement they inhabit, she is herself trapped by
the idealised memory of her life past . Tom, working at a shoe factory and paying the family’s rent, finds his own escape
in drinking and going to the movies, while Laura pours her energy into caring for her delicate glass figurines. Tom,
pressured by his mother to help find Laura a suitable husband, invites an acquaintance from the factory to the
apartment, a powerful possibility that pushes Amanda deeper into her obsessions and makes Laura even more
vulnerable to shattering, exposed like the glass menagerie she treasures. Williams’ intensely personal and brilliantly
tender masterpiece exposes the complexity of our memories, and the ways in which we can never truly escape them.
Detailed Summary
Scene 1
“I give you truth in the pleasant disguise of illusion.” – Tom
The narrator, Tom, explains directly to the audience that the scenes are “memory,” therefore nonrealistic. Memory

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