Sixth Semester Notes (Political science)University Of Kashmir Download pdf

Bullet points for preparing study material for BA 6th Semester 2018
Political Science
Prepared by Prof. Khurshid, Prof. Adil, & Prof. Imtiyaz
Political awakening in Kashmir and 1931 uprising
• In 1865, the shawl workers strike marked the beginning of workers uprising in Kashmir.
• Reading Room Party, a Muslim educated group initiative of 1930 laid the foundation of
modern political uprising in Kashmir.
• Sheikh Abdullah believed that Reading Room was only a pretext while the main aim and
agenda was to launch a political movement against autocratic rule.
• Window was opened to the world so that it could see the worse conditions of people
living in Kashmir.
• In the month of July, 1931 a good number of public meetings were held and were
addressed by Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, Ghulam Nabi Gilkar and Moulvi Abdul
Rahim and the meetings were followed by slogans like ‘sur faroshi ki tamana ab hamarae
dil mai’
• Abdul Qadeer became a revolutionary figure in uprising. His arrest and demanded
shifting of venue of trail caused serious anger among youth who assembled outside the
central jail and shouted slogans like Allahu Akber and consequently it turned into violent
event in which seventeen Muslims were killed while forty got injured, five of whom died
later on 13 July, 1931.
• This led the beginning of mass uprising.
• Mr. Wakefield was the Prime Minister of Kashmir.
• The martyrs were kept in the Jamia Masjid for the whole night attended by Sheikh
Mohammad Abdullah.
Formation and Ideology of Muslim Conference
• According to Maulana Mohammad Sayed Masoodi, the decision to form a party and
name it Muskim Conference was taken in the Central Jail, Srinagar.
• The inaugural session was held from 14th to 16th of October, 1932 in the historic Pather
Masjid, Srinagr under the presiden-ship of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah.
• The Muslim Conference drafted its constitution and also adopted a party flag which
consisted of green cloth crescent and star. The session was attended by three lakh men,
women and children.
• Right from its inception the programme of the Muslim Conference was secular and
progressive. True, the leaders of Muslim Conference came forward in the Muslim name
but their programme and manifesto was as broad as that of any progressive political Party
of India. They fought against exploitation, regardless of the religion of the exploiter.

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